State Social Support in the Czech Republic
Updated: Mar 12
This article provides a simplified summary on the state social support is regulated by Act no. 117/1995 Coll., on State Social Support, as amended. More detailed information can be found at http://portal.mpsv.cz/soc/ssp/.
Who is entitled for the state social support?
Entitlement for social support and benefits applies to Czech citizens and foreigners if them or the family/household members assessed jointly with them are registered as permanently resident in the Czech Republic and have their residence here. For non-EU foreigners this can be applicable after 365 days of their registration for staying in the Czech Republic. The 365-day period does not include the time during which a person is seeking asylum. The benefits are also available for EU covered by Regulation (EC) No 883/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council or by Council Regulation (EC).
When evaluating the eligibility for state social support, the net income from employment (dependent activity), and self-employment activities is considered. The state social support is granted for as a support for parents with their dependent children to cover costs of their needs. Dependent children are children within compulsory school attendance, university students, or disabled children up to the maximum of 26 years.
Applying for benefits
Applications for state social support benefits are submitted to the Regional Branches of the Labor Office according to the permanent residence of the applicant. More information is available at http://portal.mpsv.cz/ssp/local. The application forms are available at http://forms.mpsv.cz/sspforms/ or http://portal.mpsv.cz/ssp/elforms.
Available social supports are:
Child allowance is a basic long-term benefit provided for families with dependent children up to the age of 26 years. A family is entitled for this support if their income is less than 2.7 times of the living minimum.
The allowance is provided monthly and in three levels, depending on the age of the child´s age. Child allowance can also be increased, which is determined by having income from employment or from certain social benefits.
Parental allowance is entitled for a parent, who personally, daily and duly takes care of the youngest child in the family during the whole calendar year, and applies also to adopted children. The total amount of parental allowance is 220,000 CZK, in case of more children born at the same time, the total amount increases to 330,000 CZK. The allowance is divided monthly and can be drawn up to the maximum of 4 years of the child’s age. The total allowance is calculated based on the assessment of net income of one of the parents. A parent may choose the amount of monthly parental allowance. Changes to the monthly allowance can be changed every three months and can be done only by the parent claiming the parental allowance.
Apart from the basic requirements for state social support, a parent is entitled to parental allowance if:
a child under the age of 2 years attends pre-school education up to the maximum of 46 hours in a month;
a child attends a remedial care center or similar facility for disabled for no more than 4 hours a day;
a child of disabled parents attends a kindergarten or similar facility for no more than 4 hours a day;
a disabled child attends a kindergarten or similar facility for no more than 6 hours a day.
The parent’s income is not further supervised, the parent may carry out employment or self-employment activities activity without losing their entitlement for the parental allowance.
If one of the parents is entitled for maternity or sickness benefit from the sickness benefits, the parental allowance is applicable only if it is higher than the sickness benefits. In case this applies, the parents receive the difference between the parental allowance and the sickness benefits.
If another child is born in the family, entitlement to the parental allowance for the older child expires.
It is necessary to report the change to the competent authority so that no overpayment occurs.
If a parent's parental allowance has been paid and the child has not fulfilled the conditions for payment of the allowance, the parent is obliged to return the amount paid to the competent authority.
The state contributes to housing costs for families and low-income individuals. This allowance is entitled to property owners or tenants permanently residing within the same property, if 30 % (in Prague 35%) of their joint family income is insufficient for covering the cost of housing, and at the same time this 30% (in Prague 35%) is lower than prescriptive housing costs set by law. The prescriptive housing costs are based on the size of the housing and the number of members of the household. The costs include rent, services and energy.
This allowance applies to all permanent residents registered under one property, the condition of cohabitation is not required.
The birth grand is a one-time financial support low-income family to help them to cover cost of a child birth. A family is entitled for the birth grant if the joint income in the calendar quarter prior to the birth does not exceed 2.7 times the living minimum. The birth grant is 13,000 CZK for the first child and 10,000 CZK for the second child.
The funeral grant is a one-time financial support for a parent/person arranging the funeral for a dependent child, provided the deceased child had the permanent residence in the Czech Republic on the date of death. The amount of the funeral grant is 5,000 CZK.